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What You Need to Know About Renewable Energy

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What You Need to Know About Renewable Energy – Instead of fossil fuels that are on the verge of depletion, harming the environment and making the country’s economy dependent on foreign sources, environmentally friendly renewable energy sources, which are obtained by evaluating natural resources and help the economic development of countries, gain importance. Renewable energy is obtained by converting the energy flow created by continuous natural events into electrical energy.
What is Renewable Energy?

Renewable energy is the type of energy that is obtained by using resources with the constantly repetitive natural process for energy production and can renew itself in a much shorter time than the rate of depletion. This type of energy is obtained thanks to natural resources such as sun, wind, geothermal resources, plants and animal wastes, waves. Electricity is produced by renewable energy. Despite the negative effects of fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas and coal, such as the risk of depletion, high cost and harm to the environment, renewable energy has started to gain an important place.

What You Need to Know About Renewable Energy

What You Need to Know About Renewable Energy

What are Renewable Energy Sources?

Thanks to the developing technological opportunities, the main renewable energy sources that are widely used in the world can be listed as follows:

solar energy
Wind power
Hydraulic (hydroelectric) energy
Geothermal energy
Biomass energy
hydrogen energy
wave energy
1. What is Solar Energy?

The sun is an energy source that sustains life on earth. Sun rays collected in solar panels are converted into heat source and electrical energy with light.

It is a clean and natural energy source that does not harm the environment. In order to meet the electricity and hot water needs of the houses, solar panels are easily installed on the roofs of the buildings. Many industrial establishments use the electrical energy obtained by installing solar energy panels on the lands where sunlight is intense, both in their own production facilities and increase their income by selling the surplus. Today, many municipalities prefer solar powered lighting for street lighting services. In addition, automobiles and various devices operating with solar energy have also been produced. Thanks to solar energy, which has many uses, the cost of energy consumption has been reduced. For this reason, it is a highly preferred, environmentally friendly renewable energy source.

2. What is Wind Energy?

The heating of the land and the sea by the sun’s rays at different levels leads to the formation of pressure differences. The pressure difference brings with it the wind. Electrical energy is produced by installing wind turbines in areas that receive wind intensely. The efficiency to be obtained from wind energy varies according to the blowing speed and duration of the wind. Wind energy, which was first widely used in Germany, has now reached the capacity to meet 2% of the world’s electricity needs. It is an environmentally friendly and low-cost energy source. On the other hand, wind energy also has compelling aspects such as mass death of migrating birds, the need for large areas for the installation of turbines, and high decibel operation.

3. What is Hydroelectric Energy?

Hydroelectric energy means generating electrical energy by using the kinetic energy of flowing water. The water is transmitted to the turbines through the channels established in the locations where the water flow rate is high in the highlands, thanks to the kinetic energy obtained, the turbines move, and electrical energy is obtained thanks to the generators connected with the turbines. A significant part of the electrical energy need in our country is met from hydroelectric power plants. It is an environmentally friendly, renewable energy source. It also contributes to different fields such as irrigation and fishing. The installation of hydroelectric power plants can take a long time. It may also cause some ecological changes in the environment in which it is established.

4. What is Geothermal Energy?

Geothermal, which means ground heat, is formed as a result of the water accumulated due to precipitation seeping into the magma layer through cracks and returning to the earth as hot water and steam. Geothermal resources in the form of steam and hot water reaching the earth are used to produce electrical energy, to heat houses, to obtain mineral resources and to create tourism centers. Geothermal energy is an environmentally friendly, low-cost resource.

5. What is Biomass Energy?

Biomass energy is a type of energy obtained by converting animal and plant wastes. Fuel types classified as biodiesel are obtained with plant wastes and biogas with animal wastes. In particular, biodiesel fuel draws attention as it is more efficient than fossil fuels. In our country, it is focused on the production of biodiesel from sunflower. In addition to sunflower, biomass energy can be produced from corn, wheat, seaweed, sea algae, fertilizer and domestic waste.

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