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What is Industrial Robot

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What is Industrial Robot – So How Were These Industrial Robots Born?
Known as the father of robotics, George Charles Devol invented the first industrial robot, the Unimate, in 1954. A few years later, Devol and entrepreneur Joseph F. Engelberger and their company Unimation were born.

Unimation is the world’s first robotics company. George Devol applied for a patent for an industrial robot arm in 1954. Devol personally introduced Unimate, which was sent to General Motors in 1961. General Motors first used this robot for die casting and spot welding of car bodies. After the first robot it bought, General Motors bought 66 more Unimates and installed them in its factory. Affected by these developments, Ford and Chreysler companies also became interested in industrial robots. With the increasing interest and investment of the entire automotive industry, the future of industrial robots began to shine.

What is Industrial Robot

What is Industrial Robot

Today, the industrial robot market is worth $41.23 billion.

According to the International Robotics Federation 2020 report, the number of robots used in factories worldwide increased by 12 percent to 2.7 million.

 

Benefits of Industrial Robots
Increasing Efficiency

Industrial robots can complete certain tasks faster and more efficiently than humans, as they are designed and built to perform the work they do with greater accuracy. They increase the efficiency of production lines as they are used to automate processes that require significantly more time and resources.

Improved Quality

Given their level of accuracy, industrial robots can be used to produce higher quality products, resulting in reduced time required for quality control and ensuring quality standards are met.

Enhanced Work Environment

Some tasks are considered too dangerous, cumbersome, or repetitive for humans to perform. Therefore, robots can perform these tasks instead of humans. Thanks to industrial robots, working conditions as well as safety in factories and production facilities can be greatly improved.

Increased Profitability

Industrial robots used in businesses increase the efficiency of the production process, reducing the resources and time required to complete it. It can also achieve higher levels of profitability at a lower cost per product by obtaining higher quality products.

Longer Working Hours

During the workday, people need breaks and distractions gradually. Whereas, robots can work 24/7 and continue to work with 100% efficiency. On average, they provide a 40% increase in the output of a production line. Also, robots don’t take vacations or experience unexpected absences.

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Applications Using Industrial Robots
Handling: Able to move products ranging from eggs to car doors, industrial robots are as dexterous and precise as they are fast and powerful. Applications include picking and placing from the conveyor line to packaging, and transporting raw materials by robot to injection molding machines.

Palletizing: Industrial robots load corrugated cartons or other packaged goods in a defined pattern onto a pallet. Robotic palletizers can create simple and complex layer patterns that maximize load stability during transport.

Cutting: Robots are frequently used in laser, plasma and waterjet cutters due to their dangerous nature. Hundreds of different cutting types can be programmed on the robot, providing precise accuracy and path tracking with more flexibility than most custom cutting machines.

Finishing: Multi-axis robots can grind, cut, grip, polish and clean almost any part made of any material for a consistent, quality finish.

Sealing and bonding: To apply sealant or glue, a robot follows an accurate path, with good control of speed. Robots are frequently used in the automobile industry for sealing applications to seal windows, as well as in packaging processes for automatic sealing of corrugated product boxes.

Spraying: Due to the volatile and hazardous nature of solvent-based paints and coatings, robots are used in spraying applications to minimize human contact. Paint robots often have slender arms because they don’t carry much weight, but they need maximum reach and fluidity of movement to mimic a human’s application technique.

Welding: Robots used for both seam (MIG, TIG, arc and laser) and spot welding produce precise welds as well as control parameters such as power, wire feed and gas flow.

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